Faces of Rupiah
Rp is the short for Rupiah, the currency of Indonesia. This currency is printed and released by Bank Indonesia. It’s usually put like this: Rp. 50,000,-
The name rupiah comes from Mongolian and it has a meaning silver (“perak” in Indonesia). It’s often mixed with Rupee, the Indian currency. Here’s the history chart of Indonesian Rupiah (also called as IDR) exchange rate to US Dollar (USD) in 10 years span taken on January 30th 2016.
Indonesian Rupiah has 7 fractions ranging from Rp. 1000,- (USD 0,07) to Rp. 100,000 (USD 7,7). And these are those fractions with the faces. The faces are chosen from Indonesia National Hero on the front face. As for the back side of the money is any aspect of the culture in which the hero was originated.
Front picture: Captain Pattimura (1783 – 1817)
Pattimura is Indonesia National Hero who was born and died in Maluku island, Indonesia. He comes from aristocratic family. Pattimura is famous for his fights against Dutch colonization and was given a title sergeant in English Military. In 1816, Britain gave its power to Dutch which then applied monopoly policy towards lands, taxes, and broke the London Treaty I which one of its clause is to release Ambon soldier by the end of Britain colonization. Dutch coming to the land of Maluku were fought hard since its policy worsen the economy and politics. In 1817, a war between Dutch and Maluku people was started under the lead of Captain Pattimura. He was chosen by his peers for his experience in combat and leadership attributes. During the war, Pattimura was able to gain power from neighboring island such Ternate, Bali, Java, and Sumatera which bring the war to a National scale. This war was eventually won by Dutch and Pattimura was captured and hung to death.
Back picture: Maitara and Tidore Island (Maluku)
Maitara Island is located on North part of the Maluku Island. It can be reached by using speed boat for 30 minutes boat ride. It is situated in between Ternate and Tidore. This island is famous for its beautiful reef and it’s biodiversity.
Front Picture: Prince Antasari (1809 – 1862)
Prince Antasari (“Pangeran” Antasari) was born in Martapura, Banjar in Kalimantan Island. He was a decent of a royal family. In 1859, Antasari and his 300 soldiers attacked the coal mine that belonged to Dutch. He also attacked Dutch’s strategic war post in Martapura, Riam kanan, and along Barito River to Puruk Cahu. Many times had Dutch persuaded Antasari to give up the war, but he stood strong and refused to give up. Dutch also offered money to those who able to kill Antasari but nobody took the offer. Antasari’s kept struggling until he died during the war. On March 1968, Indonesia granted Pangeran Antasari a title as Indonesia National Heroes.
Back Picture: Dayak traditional dance
Dayak is one of many tribes in Indonesia and it’s original tribe in Kalimantan Island. There are many kinds of Dayak dance, and one of the most popular is Gantar dance. This dance shows someone who plants a paddy seed. The dancer usually brings a stick as a representation of rice pestle.
Front Picture: Tuanku Imam Bonjol (1772 – 1864)
Imam Bonjol was born in Bonjol, Pasaman (West Sumatera) and became a moslem scholar. He is known for his lead during Padri war from 1803 to 1838 against the Dutch. This war was started as a conflict between Kaum Padri (moslem scholar society) and Kaum Adat about the difference of moslem teaching they practiced. However, in 1821 Kaum Adat joined forces with the Dutch against Kaum Padri. If Kaum Adat won, Dutch would be granted access to Minangkabau Area. The joined forces got a heavy fights from Kaum Padri and therefore the Dutch sent Johannes Van Den Bosch to negotiate with the leader of Kaum Padri, Tuanku Imam Bonjol and they decided to make peace and signed the agreement called Perjanjian Masang in 1824. This agreement was then broken by the Dutch as Pandai Sikek was attacked by Dutch. In 1833, the war took turn as both Kaum Adat and Kaum Padri joined forces against Dutch. With the relentless fight, Dutch was overwhelmed and asked for a help from Batavia although they were still outnumbered by Imam Bonjol’s forces. In 1837, Imam Bonjol was invited for a negotiation, but turned out it was a trap. Imam Bonjol was kept and put in exile to Cianjur, West Java. He was then moved to Manado, where he exhaled his last breath. Tuanku Imam Bonjol is a symbol of Indonesian persistence in fighting the colonialism. In 1973, the government of Indonesia honored Imam Bonjol as Indonesia National Hero.
Back Picture: Woven Craftswomen (Pengrajin Tenun Pandai Sikek)
Pandai Sikek is a name of a place in west Province. This area is famous for its woven works. Based on the history, there are four tribes in Pandai Sikek. They are Koto, Guci, Sikumbang, and Pisang. The motifs and method of making the woven works believed to have been cascaded down by generations.
Front Picture: Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II (1767 – 1852)
Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin was born in Palembang Province, Sumatera. He was the leader of Palembang-Darussalam Sultanate from 1803-1813 and from 1818-1821. His original name before becoming a Sultan is Raden Hasan Pangeran Ratu. During his reign, he led some battles against Dutch and one of them is called Menteng War. In 1821 when eventually Dutch won the war, Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II and his families were captured and put in exile to Ternate.
Back Picture: Limas House
Limas is a South Sumatera traditional house that the roof shaped like a pyramid. It has multi-storied floor that is called Bengkilas and will only be used for special occasion such as marriage celebration. Daily guest is welcomed in terrace or second floor.
Front Picture: Otto Iskandardinata (1897-1945)
Otto Iskandardinata was born in Bandung, West Java. He went to Hollandsch-Inlandsche School (HIS) Bandung, and then continued advance education to Teaching School. He then became a teacher in Banjarnegara, Central Java. He is famous for his involvement in organization that strive for education, social-culture, politic, economy, youth, and women empowerment. During Japanese colonialism in Indonesia (1942-1945), he joined organization that help propelling Indonesia’s independence declaration. After Indonesia Independence day, he was appointed as ministry of the state for the first ever Republic of Indonesia’s cabinet. During this time, one of his act created disappointment to some of political group which later decided to kidnapped and killed Otto. His body was never discovered, and it was suspected that he died in Banten.
Back Picture: Tea pickers
Front Picture: I Gusti Ngurah Rai (1917-1946)
I Gusti Ngurah Rai was born in Bali. He was a hero in the Puputan Margarana War ( Puputan in Bali Language means “fight to the death” and Margaran means “The battle in Marga”, Marga is a small village in Tabanan Regency, Bali). After the Indonesian Declaration of Independence he established the People’s Security Army, the forerunner of the military of Indonesia, for the Lesser Sunda Islands. In 1946, the dutch landed a large attack in Marga and colonel Ngurah Rai ordered a Puputan and died in the field. Therefore the war was named Puputan Margarana. Bali International airport is named after him.
Back Picture: Pura Ulun Danu Bratan
Pura Ulun Danu Bratan is a temple in Bali that was built on 1633. The temple complex is located in the northwest part of Lake Bratan (Danau Bratan). This temple was built to worship Goddess Danu, a Goddess of water, lake, and river.
Front Picture: Soekarno (1901-1970) and Mohammad Hatta (1902-1980)
Soekarno is the first president of Republic of Indonesia from 1945-1966. He was the one that propelled Indonesia’s Independence proclamation, together with Mohammad Hatta which later became the first vice president of Republic of Indonesia. He found the concept of our Pancasila as a basic foundation of Indonesia and name it himself. Soekarno was later replaced by Soeharto in 1966.
Back Picture: House of Representatives Building
This famous building is located in Jakarta, Indonesia capital city and finished its construction on 1983. This is the place where people’s consultative assembly and people’s representative meet.