Oldest Lebanese Cities
“Lebanon”.. Is the oldest nation name in the history of mankind!
According to an article written by the “Telegraph” titled “The world’s 20 oldest cities”, four cities are Lebanese:
Byblos (second in the world)
The earliest known settlements in Lebanon date back to earlier than 5000 BC. In Byblos, which is considered to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, archaeologists have discovered remnants of prehistoric huts with crushed limestone floors, primitive weapons, and burial jars which are evidence of the Neolithic and Chalcolithic fishing communities who lived on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea over 8,000 years ago.
Sidon (sixth in the world)
Earliest inhabitants settled in Sidon (also known as Saida) around 4000BC. It is the third-largest city in Lebanon, and it is located in the South Governorate of Lebanon, on the Mediterranean coast, about 40 kilometres (25 miles) north of Tyre and 40 km (25 miles) south of the capital Beirut. In Genesis, Sidon is a son of Canaan, a grandson of Noah. Its name coincides with the modern Arabic word for fishery.
Beirut (tenth in the world)
Political, economic, and cultural capital of Lebanon.. Beirut is the beating heart of Lebanon being an oriental modern city. Established around 3000 BC; Beirut is known as “the mother of law” as it was famous for its law institute as the biggest and most important destination to study the Roman law, attracting law students from allover the Roman empire
Tyre (twelve in the world)
The legendary birthplace of Europa and Dido, Tyre was founded around 2,750 BC, according to Herodotus. It was conquered by Alexander the Great in 332 BC following a seven-month seige and became a Roman province in 64 BC. Today, tourism is a major industry: the city’s Roman Hippodrome is a Unesco World Heritage Site.
Tyre is mentioned more than 50 times both in the new and old testaments;
“Hiram” the king of Tyre, send his most skilled architect”Hiram Abiff” along with his Freemasons supplied with the cedar woods of Lebanon, to Jerusalem, upon the request of Solomon, and they constructed the temple!